It Takes Quality Grapes to Make Quality Wines

Hi fellow viticulturists. This article is basic vineyard procedures that you probably already are familiar with, but sometimes reminders get us on the right track. Let’s start with an understanding that quality wine starts in the vineyard. To make quality wine you MUST start with quality fruit. Good wine cannot be made from bad grapes. So with that understanding let’s discuss what you need to do in your vineyard to help insure quality fruit. Growing grapes is agriculture… you know, farming and as such there are some established and proven procedures you need to follow. Let’s start in the beginning of the calendar year. Sometime while the vines are dormant (January through March) vines must be pruned. Not pruning properly will lead to unwanted sprawl and a mess when growth resumes, and consequently will have a negative effect on fruit quality. Just after (or just before) you finish pruning, you need to tie your vines securely to their respective posts. I am assuming you are using a Head Trained or Vertical Cordon Trained system. Use the green tie tape material, but don’t use the 1/2 inch tape. Use the 1 inch tape as it is much stronger and will serve much better. Start at the bottom and make a tie every 8 to 12 inches, depending on need. When you get to the top tie, you will want to make 3 or 4 loops around the stake and the vine so it will hold securely when it experiences the weight of grapes in a few months. OK… now you can take a short break. Drink a little wine! There is nothing you need to do until growth begins, except verify your water system is in good repair and is functioning properly. It is very important that your vineyard watering system is independent from all other landscape watering. You will not water your vineyard like you water other landscaping, and vice versa. I will write an article dedicated to vineyard irrigation in the near future. Be on the alert for the first sign of green growth. That will signal the start of a new growing season. When the growth starts is when you start back to work. Start walking and inspecting the vineyard every couple of days. You will be looking for anything that does not look right, like insect infestation. You are also watching for bud break. Some call it bud burst, but it is the same thing. When you observe bud break, RECORD THE DATE, and note the high daily temperature. Assuming it is less than 90 degrees it is time to start your regular sulfur spray routine. This is a critical process and not sulfur spraying is the single largest problem affecting the quality of your fruit. If you elect to not sulfur spray on a consistent basis you can count on losing some of your crop to powdery mildew. You may get lucky one year and lose little or none, but eventually it WILL get you. You will be spraying every 7 to 10 days from bud break to harvest EXCEPT when the daily high temperature reaches 90 degrees or above and stays at that level. Powdery Mildew cannot take hold and start above 90 degrees, so you can stop spraying. However, if you have not been spraying the higher temperatures will not undue damage already done by Powdery Mildew. You should keep a record of each date you spray. Continue to walk and inspect your vineyard every couple of days. Your focus now is on catching any problems, like infestation by undesirable bugs and/or worms. These things can do damage very fast, so you need to catch them early. Also be alert to sucker shoots and remove them promptly. At the fist sign of veraison (the berries begin to change from green to red) you will want to drop excess fruit. Always keep the best looking clusters and the ones closest to the stalk of your vine. The general rule is you will keep 2 clusters per cane, but you have some latitude here. Be cautioned that over-cropping (keeping too much fruit) can lead to an inferior quality in your harvest fruit, so use some common sense here. When veraison is 2 to 4 weeks along it will be time to do some shoot and leaf thinning. I have done this by hand and mechanically with an electric hedger. In my opinion the hedger is the way to go. One caution if you use a powered hedger, it is very easy to over trim. You will want to try and leave 8 to 10 leaves per cluster, and try to keep one or two leaves between the sun and your grapes. Remember that you will want to stop all vineyard watering 6 to 8 weeks prior to harvest. If you fail to do this you will find your brix will have a problem moving up. In the Vineyard Development we can normally anticipate harvest (based upon the brix, or course) to be sometime in the first 3 weeks of September. But you cannot count on that. It could be earlier or later, so keep an eye on that brix. Generally, you cannot make a Silk Purse out of a Sow’s Ear, and generally you cannot make good wine from bad grapes. With just a little attention you will have good grapes AND good wine!

If You Are Looking For Quality Headphones Then You Must Follow Quality Headphone Guidelines

Headphones are one of the best technologies people find extremely useful until these days. Not only that they provide convenience to the user, but they are also magnificent peripherals for entertainment. Because of these advantages, headphones will stay in demand product in the marketplace. Due to this demand, there now have been a variety of of headphone brands out in the market. This subsequently makes it difficult to differentiate which amongst the headphone products are dependable when it comes to quality, and also the price. Most of the time, when we buy headphones, we don’t pay much attention to the most essential detail and that’s the quality of the product, and then in a while become frustrated with the quality of the headphone bought. Hence, it’s a must to consider the quality of the headphone to purchase prior to choosing one. To help you determine which of the headphones in the market are essentially the most reliable types, you must take into consideration certain important guidelines. Here are some of them: Headphones of great quality are those that give that include measurement of parameters such as sharpness, clarity, balance, equalizer, and more. In other words, the quality of sound is the most necessary element of shaping the overall quality of a headset. You would be able to determine these parameters by testing them from whichever shop you had purchase the item. Most stores permit this per customer’s request. There’s even a tool or device for deciphering the quality of sound a headphone produces. One more component of quality headphones to take into consideration would be the ease and convenience of sporting this gadget. Some headphones could damage your ears or can annoy your head which result to bruises to some. So upon buying, have a look at the device and test it on. Apart from convenience, the durability of the device is another component that should be taken into account. Of course, you do not want to purchase something today that will break tomorrow. And finally, which isn’t very essential but would complete the overall good quality package of a headphone would be the total look or appeal of the gadget. There is now whole array of designs for headphones to suit the different tastes of the users. Apart from the above guidelines, it would also assist you determine whether a certain headphone is worth buying by checking the ratings and testimonials from review and forum sites. Everything posted online concerning a particular product is determined by the experiences of real individuals. These people will share to you their personal understanding of a certain product, and even give recommendations that are definitely helpful. It is easy to find these sites. You simply need to key in your search to search engines and you will be rendered with all the information you require. To hold on to its power, wireless headphones come together with a charger where you will be able to plug it into when battery is low. Stereo Headphones – This kind of headphones is among the oldest and the most commonly used headphones that you will plug into your home stereo to hear your desired music privately. With the help of stereo headphones, you will be able to benefit from a high quality sound, making you feel like you are in a live performance hall. This is also the same type of headphones being used by music recording starts to rehearse. You’ll find all these types of headphones in Australia, either on the internet or offline at very affordable prices. Most of these stores have websites of their own to promote their products and offer you all the information you require about the product. So choosing good headphones is never been this easy.

What Are Your Homecare Options in Today’s Society?

There are many different options for care in the home today. It used to be, that anyone unable to care for themselves, would have to be placed in a residential hospital or facility, for daily care to be available to them around the clock. Nowadays, there are several Homecare options to choose from. For those that do not need medical attention and care around the clock, a part-time homecare option is ideal. With this option, a caregiver is hired to visit for a few hours each morning, assist with daily chores and grooming. The benefit to this homecare option is that the caregiver takes care of what needs to be done, then leaves the patient to his own routine and privacy for the remainder of the day. This allows the patient to feel more independent and free to go about his own daily routines without constant assistance or input from anyone else. For those who are less independent and need more extensive care throughout the day, there are homecare options where nurses are hired to work fulltime days. These caregivers are for those requiring more constant care and assistance throughout the day. They may need periodic dosages of medication, vital checks, transportation and/or help with ambulation and other daily routine tasks. With this homecare option, the nurse would leave for the night and return the next morning, leaving the patient his evenings and nights to himself. This option allows the patient to live in his own home and even still get a few hours of alone-time in the evenings, nights and early mornings, something they would not have privy to in a residential facility. For patients that are completely dependent on their caregivers, the best homecare option would be a 24 Hour Homecare and/or Live-in Nurse Companion. These nurses reside within their patient’s home, and are there around the clock to assist with all of their needs, medical and otherwise. This option still carries the advantage of allowing the patient to remain at his own residence, which is really the deal breaker when needing around the clock care, and the most important privilege to maintain. Today, homecare options are many. This is so beneficial, not only for the patients who require some type of assistance with their everyday living, but to the families who now do not have to make the difficult, but sometimes necessary decision to place a loved one in a residential facility. That is a decision that so many people struggle with as their loved ones lose their independence and require some assistance with their daily living routines and activities. What causes the most heartache about making that inevitable decision is having the loved one removed from their beloved home and the loss of their privacy and freedom. By having the homecare options we have today, those are no longer concerns. Due to the abundance of homecare options today, our elderly, ailing and/or handicapped loved ones can now remain in their own treasured homes, where they are most comfortable, feel the most secure, and can be surrounded by everything dear and familiar to them. These homecare options alleviate the need for individuals to make that dreaded and difficult decision of placing our loved ones in a nursing facility when they can no longer care for themselves independently. With that being one of the most trying decisions for families to make in their lifetimes, we are all so grateful to these caregivers for their services, expertise and willingness to care for those we love the most.

How to Prevent Homecare and Hospice Medical Identity Theft

As more and more baby boomers reach their golden years, more and more of them need the services of homecare and hospice agencies. This rapid influx is good for the industry, but homecare and hospice agencies need to be as vigilant as ever in their hiring practices of caregivers. Why? Because medical identity theft is on the rise, and homecare and hospice agencies are easy targets. You need to take immediate action to safeguard your agency, reputation, and clients from the growing threat of medical identity theft. Medical identity theft is an insidious crime in which an identity thief uses someone else’s identity to gain access to medical services, treatment, or equipment. Since elderly homecare and hospice patients are particularly vulnerable to the dangers of medical identity theft, your agency must take extra precautions. This includes stringent hiring protocols and foolproof IT policies and procedures. Most homecare and hospice agencies consult with experts to ensure their entire operation is protected from medical identity theft. Through a comprehensive review of the organization, medical identity theft experts ensure that homecare and hospice agencies: * Perform thorough background checks on all employees: Employees are the first line of defense to prevent medical identity theft, so it’s critical that homecare and hospice agencies put employees through a rigorous screening process. A medical identity theft expert assists with criminal background checks, speaking with references, and setting up a system for maintaining extensive employee records. * Create medical identity theft policies and procedures: Professional homecare and hospice agencies need to have a strict set of policies and procedures in place to safeguard protected health information (PHI) under the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA). * Ensure patient records are secure: Homecare and hospice agencies should have a secure IT network that only allows authorized users to access sensitive patient information. A medical identity thief can run rampant and ruin lives with the push of a button unless safeguards are built into the system. Complex passwords should be implemented only for those employees who need access to patient records. * Make sure both the doctors and patients are “real”: Many medical identity thieves prey on the system by actually impersonating doctors and patients for monetary gain. This includes pretending to be a doctor to prescribe medication for the thief and/or his cohorts, as well as using another person’s insurance card to obtain medical services. Do your homework to ensure that physicians have professional references and admitting privileges to medical facilities. As a homecare and hospice agency, you can significantly reduce your vulnerability to medical identity theft by working with a medical ID theft expert. Visit or call 310.831.4400 to schedule your comprehensive medical identify theft review. And, don’t forget to ask how you can safeguard your homecare or hospice agency with an eye-opening “Lunch and Learn” for your employees.